African Elephants are the largest land animals on Earth. They are categorized into two; the savanna elephants ( Loxodonta Africana ) and forest elephants ( Loxodonta cyclotis ). At the moment, the largest populations of Elephants in Uganda are found in Queen Elizabeth National Park, other Protected Areas with elephants are Murchison Falls National Park, Kidepo Valley National Park and Kibale Forest National Park and few in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Toro Semliki Wildlife Reserve, Katonga Wildlife Reserve, Budongo Forest Reserve.
They play a critical role in their ecosystem. They always shape their habitat in many ways. During the dry season, they dig up dry riverbeds and create watering. Their dung is full of seeds, helping plants spread across the environment also making good habitat for dung beetles too!
Both male and female African Elephants have tusks, which are continuously growing teeth. They use these tusks to dig for food, water and strip bark from trees. Males, whose tusks tend to be larger than females’, also use their tusks to battle one another.